專注力不足與認知訓練系列之二

由於PowerBrainRX「免費」認知能力測試,(留意6歲以上先係),咁梗係又約嚟玩咗。

同類嘅TEST可以喺Cognifit搵到。

報告都講得好details,起碼同我預計嘅近似,佢係聰明轉數好快小朋友,聽覺記憶力更高(都解釋到點解14個月大就可以哼歌仔),但專注力就…


呢幅圖由powerbrain啲小冊子度嚟,專心係學習嘅第一步,好難唔同意。
直到目前呢點,我基本上都係覺得唔買都睇吓,份報告係話到一啲你小朋友嘅能力畀你聽嘅。同埋consultant亦都幾溫柔解釋得幾詳細。當然,佢哋始絡係商業公司,訓練內容要保密,佢都畀咗一個例子我嘅,有啲似你係Lumosity搵到嘅免費遊戲。咁,訂價當然係唔會平,但我問咗好多意見都話每堂幾百至數千元係呢類私營治療嘅門檻。

好,然後,如果真係有留意薯淘同雞嘅朋友,應該知我份人成日寫攻略。我用還原水「醫好咗」我嘅原發性血小板增生,數據正常當好啦吓,實情係少飲水就會上返,反正要keep住check。

於是就去睇一大堆嘢,好很攰,but seems promising!呢個list應該會繼續expand落去~

了解4項專注力
大致係呢啲:
Types of Attention
Sustained attention is the ability to focus on one specific task for a continuous amount of time without being distracted.

Selective attention is the ability to select from many factors or stimuli and to focus on only the one that you want while filtering out other distractions.

Alternating attention is the ability to switch your focus back and forth between tasks that require different cognitive demands.

Divided attention is the ability to process two or more responses or react to two or more different demands simultaneously. Divided attention is often referred to as multi-tasking.

關於 brain / cognitive training 嘅研究時間好短,甚至比還元水仲短。PowerbrainRX套方法係由美國LearningRX為亞洲人,尤其香港學童修改而嚟(因為要寫中文字,難過英文字母好多咁話,背後理據如何,邊個改,點樣改唔知,反正你又搵唔到原本嚟對比架喇。)


我諗呢個viedo大概可以簡介吓brain training係做乜。大概就係好似鍛鍊二頭肌等你肌肉發逹後可以舉重少少嘢一樣,鍛練你個腦相應腦區。香港呢邊consultant話衝動行為,執行能力不足係前額葉嘅觸突呀連結呀發展得唔夠,佢話透過1對1鍛練就可以增加返呢啲觸突同連結。(嗱,你唔需要去做MRI住,反正唔好期望佢哋講嘅嘢係金科玉律,幾權威嘅人都會錯,我唔係SELL你嘢,冇責任幫你check埋真假。)

咁,如果想睇多啲,可以由喼神入手…啩。LearningRX創辦人。
Dr KEN GIBSON


係,上去做TEST,consultant都好樂意免費送呢本書仔,入面有獨立研究報告指出上完LearningRX各方面能力提升3幾年咁話。

另外佢研究所Gibson Institute都有幾十年呢啲research內容summary
例如最新呢篇Jedlicka, E. (2017). LearningRx cognitive training for children and adolescents ages 5-18: Effects on academic skills, behavior, and cognition. Frontiers in Education, 2(62). doi: 10.3389/feduc.2017.00062
重點:梗係話有效,留意湖池係私立,又唔係話排最top果啲學府。

更多關於間公司嘅:
2013年3月31日
LearningRX Insider Secrets: How to Negotiate a Better Price from LearningRX
重點:
According to one LearningRX insider (who’s contributing under the name Former LRX), despite the company’s claims that its programs benefit nearly every student, the LearningRX program “helps some a lot, some a little, and some not at all…”
“LRX gets good results for those students who work hard and stay focused on training, who have fun through the process,” writes Former LRX.
“Signing up is the right answer as long as you do so with your eyes wide open. That’s why I am here, because I don’t think most parents have their eyes wide open.”
雞髀仔去TEST果日就好開心,佢其實只要有奬pocketmon嘢就好開心,成日問我幾時再去上。

員工點睇
重點:似乎員工幾like公司,不單單為錢。

其他關於認知訓練:

Neuroplasticity 神經可塑性(未睇呀)

2013年02月01日
港大參與研究發現「專注力不足/過度活躍症」的非藥物治療療效存疑
http://www.hku.hk/press/c_news_detail_9186.html
重點:冇詳細講係邊種認知訓練嘅內容。

2014年10月20日
A Consensus on the Brain Training Industry from the Scientific Community
針對美國o既brain training industry,實有業者吹到天花龍鳯,所以有堆科學家出嚟插話呢啲嘢冇用架。

2014年12月17日
127 Scientists Challenge the purported brain training consensus released by Stanford Center for Longevity
但好難得嘅係,同年年尾有另外一堆科學家,更確切係neuroscientists神經學科嘅專家出嚟反駁。

The OPEN LETTER
重點:佢哋覺得有得拗,有啲人有得著,唔應該因為業界誇張失實完全否定brain training

Media Guide on LearningRx Settlement with the Federal Trade Commission
重點:FTC曾經告過一堆BRAIN TRAINING SERVICE PROVIDER,而LearningRX搵返位去反駁,講成件事點settle,照計間嘢目前仍然未執笠,即係有理由相係可能work嘅。

D. Expert Validation of LearningRx’s Substantiation
LearningRx’s substantiation has been reviewed by Dr. Howard Wainer, Distinguished Research Scientist with the National Board of Medical Examiners, retired Professor of Statistics at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, former Principal Research Scientist with the Educational Testing Service, and author of numerous articles and books on statistics. See Dr. Wainer’s analysis and findings, along with his curriculum vitae. He concludes that:

(1) Research other than RCTs, including powerful observational studies, can and commonly do provide “evidence to estimate causal effect”;

(2) LearningRx’s observational and randomized controlled studies “all support the credibility of the claims made that those trained using the LearningRx approach markedly increased scores on IQ tests and, more particularly, on sub-scores of those tests”;

(3) Randomization was not feasible for the small subgroups, such as TBI, autism, and dyslexia, but “with effects as consistently large as was being observed, the decision to go forward, as was done, was both ethically and scientifically preferable. Within the constraints that exist, therefore, there is convincing evidence supporting the claims of efficacy made.”
In sum, LearningRx’s efficacy claims are well-supported by the pre-post data from the many thousands of students who have completed the program, RCTs, the expert opinion of an eminent statistician, and the scientific literature with regard to the claims of correlation between cognitive ability and academic, financial, and athletic achievement.

佢哋自己做嘅更多independent support (冇人知係咪真係independent)

但brain training只有幾十年,其實佢哋啲研究結果已經比還元水吸引少少,雞髀6歲,等debate到佢7、8十歲?大量testimonial話work,但即使2015年亦繼續有研究話冇乜明顯效果,但依然改善咗working memory:
Cognitive Training for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Meta-Analysis of Clinical and Neuropsychological Outcomes From Randomized Controlled Trials

另,繼續搵落去,更多腦部訓練電腦遊戲推介:

其中呢個耶魯大學研發嘅ACTIVATE™
好似幾吸引,仲繼續研究緊有冇效:
Cognitive computer training in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) versus no intervention: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

咁,其實已經同意雞髀去PowerBrainRX上堂,再睇吓點。問咗會唔會有咩可以喺屋企畀佢做,consultant話唔使,但我笨唔係浪得虛名嘅。
6 Brain Training Exercises for Children and Teens
重點:教家長喺屋企幫吓佢哋,睇落都幾合理。
3. The Concentration Game. Activities to improve memory and concentration are important for all of us! For younger children, you can take a few of their toys and line them up. Then cover them and take one away. See if they can tell you which one is missing. You can also have them try to remember short lists of familiar objects in the home. Try remembering them forward and backward. For older children and teens, try putting random objects in front of them for 15 seconds, then remove the objects and see how many they can remember. Start out with five and keep increasing the number as they master the task. You can also help auditory memory by giving them a random list of numbers or words orally and having them repeat them. Start with only 2 or 3 and work up from there.
對雞髀咁差嘅visual short-term memory好似幾有用,可以試吓。

廣告

專注力不足與認知訓練系列之一


家長嘅惡夢!
入完名牌小學被老師叫評估,兩個月(到而家都3個喇)仲未適應小學生活云云,經常控制唔到自己要出位,好易心散,成日掛住傾偈之之類類我哋細個都會做,聽落幾正常嘅事。

但,時代已經唔同,而家我哋年代嘅曳叫做ADHD,Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder。都唔知邊條左膠大愛發明出嚟玩班父母。係,小朋友你冇錯,你唔係曳,你有病啫,你控制唔到自己,你冇能力去專心,父母唔會因為你病就唔愛你,I love you, I accept you for who you are. BUT, 雞髀你係有啲唔好彩(定好彩呢),遇著個強逼症兼衝動鍾意冒險媽媽,我係一定會:

And I will try to fix you~

好多朋友都覺得我係太緊張,話細路係咁,大個咗自然會好返。雞髀只不過太鍾意玩,咁叻仔一啲都唔似有病,應該只係曳。另,大人都可以去專注力促進會自測

網上大量資料可以搵到點先算ADHD,呢度都幾簡潔。
Types of ADHD
There are three types of ADHD:

1. Inattentive

Inattentive ADHD is what’s usually meant when someone uses the term ADD. This means a person shows enough symptoms of inattention (or easy distractibility) but isn’t hyperactive or impulsive.

2. Hyperactive/impulsive

This type occurs when a person has symptoms of hyperactivity and impulsivity but not inattention.

3. Combined

Combined ADHD is when a person has symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.

首先,係薯發現佢成日聽唔到嘢,(爸爸特別容易發現),因為爸爸永遠冇媽媽咁煩,佢哋唔會慢慢令到個仔望自己先講。我可能會就住雞髀,逼佢望住我先講,只要專心望住我時聽到,我就唔覺得佢有問題。(始終對得細路少)
第二,班主任打電話通知,都打咗幾次。課外活動義工家長都有影畀我睇佢點樣唔肯上堂。好幾個家長都話老師「投訴」。
第三,見咗學校社工,話雞髀明顯impulsive,同易分心。呢位社工算係幾open-minded,佢一冇叫我即刻去睇精神科評估或食藥,佢話評唔評估好睇家長需唔需要攞資源。二佢唔會話呢樣嘢係冇得醫只能減低徴狀,反而佢話專注力都係一個能力,可以培訓同提升。

我自己覺得雞髀:
1. IQ 正常(可能偏高添);
2. 學習(專心時或有足夠趣味或上網或大刑侍候時)冇大問題;
3. 專注力不足(不能集中一件事太長時間,睇電視玩電話例外;一有刺激就分心;控制唔到自己等待或冇打算控制自己-同管教方式亦相關;好容易發脾氣等。)並非只在家或學校,持續半年以上;家中情況無大改變;

Inattention, or trouble focusing, is one symptom of ADHD. A doctor may diagnose a child as inattentive if the child:

is easily distracted
is forgetful, even in daily activities
is unable to give close attention to details in school work or other activities and makes careless mistakes
has trouble keeping attention on tasks or activities
ignores a speaker, even when spoken to directly
doesn’t follow instructions
fails to finish schoolwork or chores
loses focus or is easily side-tracked
has trouble with organization
dislikes and avoids tasks that require long periods of mental effort, such as homework
loses vital things needed for tasks and activities

4. 活躍,但不算太過動…啩。(不過又可能我只係習慣咗)
Hyperactivity and impulsivity
A doctor may diagnose a child as hyperactive or impulsive if the child:

appears to be always on the go
talks excessively
has severe difficulty waiting for their turn
squirms in their seat, taps their hands or feet, or fidgets
gets up from a seat when expected to remain seated
runs around or climbs in inappropriate situations
is unable to quietly play or take part in leisure activities
blurts out an answer before someone finishes asking a question
intrudes on and interrupts others constantly

環境:
1. 班主任 / 興趣班老師 / 社工都已出聲話情況明顯要做嘢;只要想喺度安份畢業過馬路,做minimum是必須的;即使被踢出校,如果是必須而對佢好,都冇法;目前暫時睇唔到有咁嘅可能性。但我冇理由等到呢個同學出事先做嘢 / 要把握時期。
2. 是否ADHD,是否需要評估,是否只係曳?如果需要學校資源當佢弱智咁教就需要評估,否則只需要集中處理提升專注力。唔想嘥呢皮嘢,唔做住。

社工提供資源:

方案(我認為可並行而無砉,係要嘥多多時間同錢):(或者都睇信則有嘅緣份,撞到邊樣就邊樣先)
1. 學校社工已定期見佢及train佢社交、行為同埋記憶力專注力,免費的(邊個話喇沙冇支援,但一日未評估斷症,冇太多係真嘅);
2. 社工推薦坊間有提供培訓的NGO:(睇餸食飯揀時間地點價錢)
A. 耀能EASE PROGRAMME,排咗隊要半年;
B. 協康會
C. 小童群益會
D. 青協賽馬會學生支援中心

2. 排政府,睇醫管局呢個專科門診診所名單頁:
要先睇精神科拎到轉介信,見到你住果區,打返去近果區嘅精神科(兒童及青少年精神科中心)登記新症就得,留意佢哋只係做治療,唔係做評估,即係想食藥排定就啱,反正都斷年咁等。

3. 私人牟利型培訓:
A.
朋友話正:STEP CENTRE 邁步兒童發展中心;但又係喺中環,帶佢過嚟遠啲
好早打咗去約評估,不過對方亦好盡責咁提一提我問清楚學校承唔承認臨床心理學家嘅評估,佢話教育局好似寫只限精神科。(由於我嘅sustained attention都麻麻哋,問問吓又飛咗去其他嘢度,未問學校社工。整埋呢啲咁嘅blog文,唔好以為我要打救世人,即使唔覺意扶碌撞棍有咁嘅副作用,我最主要都係想搵個位幫自己整理吓凌亂嘅思緒。)

B.由於緣份嘅安排,睇到PowerBrainRX; 我一向覺得聽多樣冇壞(反正consulting是免費的,要聽咗先可以判斷係咪呃人冇料到)不過我覺得最壞應該係吹到天下無敵而最終做嘅同NGO提供嘅類同。關於呢度,太長篇要去系列二了。



4. 書本:坊間大量類似嘅書,點都應該打啲底,有啲用;
5. 上堂:見到青協有專注力訓練員證書課程,千零蚊上6晚,即報。12月18日開始,再包膠。
6. 健腦操: YOUTUBE搵吓就有,家長教,似啱老人家,反正腦部健康就係需要多做運動,唔拘泥於咩運動…啩;跑步都話有用;


7. 營養: 魚油就算冇用亦無害,食緊;專注力supplement唔知有冇用架;不過雞髀係敏感仔又濕疹,糖、麩質、奶、之之類類都可免則免;要飲多啲還元水,佢成日唔肯飲水。近排隻手仲生嘢:
懷疑係病毒疣,睇過普通醫生搽抗生素無效,醫生話唔好放燶喎,雞髀又怕痛,跟住試疣凍寧(萬寧有售),話用低溫殺喎,但感覺上都係篤爆咗果啲先會自己好。其實好多人叫我再約皮膚科,但太多嘢要處理,而且睇落好似好緊,好似幾個月至成年不等跟住又免疫咁…

8. 管教: 薯傳統式,但針對雞髀我同老師嘅判斷係其實正向較有效;不過都係,為最低程度完成功課唯有用短線方式;
9. 藥物:個人覺得無逼切需要;等政府排到先~


10. 輔助用品,針對過動可以坐波波,唔記得邊度睇過話有效,反正樣樣都話有效;唔想太阻定,就試呢個唔使充氣嘅魚仔算。另,google到香港有賣呢啲嘢舖頭極少,Happy E-BABIES嘅效率好高,聽日就考試,我想快啲畀佢坐定少少溫吓書。
11. 仲有要媽媽support group啦EK啦,我係理性啫都要不斷搵人問意見。各位同學仔家長真係好好人,好多意見畀我,亦難得(有難同當)有朋友有類似經驗,針灸、香熏油等等都聽聞有效,好似寫咁耐未寫認知訓練,下篇啦。

P.S. 養兒一百歲,長憂九十九:我好佩服啲ASD、唐唐、ADHD、資優夫母仲有張超雄。加油長期大作戰~

小一家長實戰紀錄


係,正常人中咗六合彩二奬唔應該公告天下,不過我真係有強逼症。(._.")


雞髀你記住我真係盡咗力㗎喇!
睇呢條link可見上表。2011年係47年嚟出生人數最高嘅一年,2012本來會更高,不過中間停咗雙非。

所以由K2開始,上咗整整一年面試班,係冇用嘅。其餘因為幼稚園已經夠深,只係上吓phonics同音樂班,玩吓happy bee算。而每報任何興趣班,薯都係要柴台話我嘥錢。雞髀仔啲英文會話麻麻,K3時,我唔再理薯反對喇,硬係要佢去monkeytree玩吓。再加畫畫同小提琴。

雞髀唔係笨,但係細仔,有搵沙浸好好人嘅譚sir做過評估,話佢雖然唔係最outstanding果批,但10分佢都俾8分,任何學校都可以去試吓咁話。結果呢?咪都係鎩羽而歸,全軍覆歿(除咗幼稚園聯繫小學收咗,但要10萬蚊一年);咁我都冇全港所有學校報曬,因為薯死都唔肯搬去11區。佢亦都唔肯俾錢雞髀讀國際學校,話納稅人應有福利喎。

即使係咁,我仍然冇放棄。既然直資私校都冇嘢揸手喇,自然要玩唔抱太大期望嘅嘥錢租屋大抽獎啦。

K2時,自己知自己事冇抽獎運。於是用雞髀八字去check紫微斗數,師傅話佢今年運強,值得一搏。因為朋友教路租借地址,尤其傳統名校,大把人抽查你,所以唯有就薯唔搬,但努力爭取喺41區租多一個單位將雞髀仔搬過去,兼且請姐姐幫手照顧,(我哋一向冇用姐姐,自己的事自己做)薯淘再分開一人幾晚咁過去陪太子讀書。我知道我明白成件事好柒,大量研究證明讀邊間小學並不影響小朋友將來成就,但我就係唔想後悔,將來雞髀問媽媽點解你推我去band3,我曳唔關我事,你一手做成,blah blah blah。(當時其實另一位朋友陪我,打算抽瑪神,又係題外喇,但起碼人同此心。)趙榮德先生都話啦,既然有咁嘅rule,你有能力嘅不妨玩呢個遊戲。亦自然唔掋得同胞得我哋港產唔得。anyway,monkeytree加姐姐係有啲用,起碼雞髀肯講多啲英文,不過到佢啲中文認字開始唔掂喇,應該又要再跟進吓。

同時,沙田區其實過去幾年嘅成功率仲低過九龍城… 不過我target始終唔係新界,以下就只post近幾年數據:
唔使問我,數自己識計,pure luck,另可上EK睇hkpapa852分析


唔知你哋睇到啲乜,我就睇到2007年至2010年出生人數增加萬八,但41區抽獎人數2013年至2016年之間,反而係由966變917,即係話其實都可以預計今年香港九龍區人數唔會大增,41區俾盡你一千人。而且唔係自行,真係參加統一抽奬嘅人數係由2013年嘅827人跌到2016年嘅742。
如果男女各半,有姐妹嘅又唔揀,有可能係2、3百人入面抽84個位,咁咪分分鐘有超過3成機會?筍過曬所有直資私校嘅機會率。

當然,自行時我哋乜分都冇,揀都冇用,所以揀咗41區嘅基督教學校,話曬有20分,而去過開放日其實資源都好充足,睇落唔差。入到我都願喇,最少唔使俾學費,慳好多。或者係隔夜點心,整定,自行又衰咗。

抽獎交表時,分8行,每行見老師名冊又係百零人,(唔太記得清名數同頁數,但當時我清楚數咗一版同乘咗頁數。)


6月3日,死期,已經預咗要跪玻璃,靠薯求校長之類,整定10份portfolio填曬form。我一個去到,薯帶雞髀仔上小蜜蜂,得返7行添,應該唔過千人啦。anyway,話平常心啫,預咗唔得啫,始終都有少少期望,薯已經預早吩咐,唔好喊呀。我全程靠閏蜜好友於whatsapp支持,記住要型要靚唔可以跪低。當時見到前面有家長笑,有家長眼濕濕,老師再派紙巾…越嚟越緊張,唔得我要型…深呼吸…


心目中就諗起種種唔科學嘅方法…塔羅牌我抽嘅係death card,冇嘢,事情告一段落,可能係新開始好事呢;雞髀仔抽嘅係lover,希望真係咁完美…
到我時,老師叫我對名,邊有心機睇,份嘢好多字,我由底睇上,喇沙利道?!唔係啩…
之後真係目無表情,簽收,先醒起睇清楚有冇錯名剩。YES,唔使跪玻璃喇,成件事唔柒喇。真係天堂地獄,唉,感謝主,我同自己講要決志,因為我一向覺得自己已經係個好人,再多對上帝都冇乜吸引力,;p,係嚟緊唔知跟雞髀天主定薯基督好,好彩都係同一個神。薯一路撥冷水話上帝唔會聽呢啲。

一笑,就發現有線(應該係除非唔係)camera對住我問意見,我只答了「ok la」。